.
ESL 304: Avoid the Flu


ESL 304: Avoid the Flu


Download


Flu season occurs annually in countries that have cold weather in the winter. Although the influenza virus is alive throughout the world in all four seasons, it seems to have its greatest impact on humans during the winter. Scientists are not sure why. They think it's because in the winter people are indoors and close together for longer periods of time. Also, the virus might be able to live longer and be stronger in colder weather. Finally, indoor air can dry up the mucous that helps protect people from the virus.

In the U.S., the virus is not something to sneeze at. It kills about 36,000 people annually (most of them elderly). It also causes almost 250,000 people to end up in a hospital bed annually.

Scientists develop a preventive flu shot for people to take as winter begins. This shot is not guaranteed to prevent flu; scientists can only guess at which virus might be the most dangerous in the upcoming season. The shot protects against only that particular virus. For those who do not get the shot, influenza spreads among them easily. It takes only a sneeze, a cough, or a touch. Victims frequently get ill from shaking hands, opening doors, or handling money.

Most infected people will have a fever, sore throat, and cough. But the symptoms are often mild and last for only a week. For many others, however, symptoms can be so severe and prolonged that victims end up in bed for weeks, or in the hospital, or in the cemetery.

447227 top -


*Vocabulary:

• annually:
• avoid:
• cause:
• cemetery:
• elderly:
• fever:
• flu:
• frequently:
• guarantee:
• impact:
• infect:
• influenza:
• mild:
• mucous:
• occur:
• particular:
• prevent:
• preventive:
• prolong:
• protect:
• severe:
• shot:
• sneeze:
• sore:
• symptom:
• throat:
• victim:
• virus:

--------------------

*Yes/No-Questions:

1. Does flu season occur annually in all countries?

2. Does the influenza virus have its greatest impact during the winter?

3. Are people indoors and close together during the winter?

4. Can indoor air dry up the virus?

5. Does the virus kill about 360,000 people in the U.S. annually?

6. Does the virus kill mostly elderly people?

7. Is the preventive flu shot guaranteed to prevent the flu?

8. Does influenza spread easily among those who do not get the shot?

9. Do victims frequently get ill from shaking hands?

10. Do the symptoms often last for a month?

------------------

*Fill in blanks:

Flu season occurs annually in countries that have ____ weather in the winter. Although the influenza virus ____ alive throughout the world in all four seasons, ____ seems to have its greatest impact on humans ____ the winter. Scientists are not sure why. They ____ it’s because in the winter people are indoors ____ close together for longer periods of time. Also, ____ virus might be able to live longer and ____ stronger in colder weather. Finally, indoor air can ____ up the mucous that helps protect people from ____ virus.

In the U.S., the virus is not ____ to sneeze at. It kills about 36,000 people ____ (most of them elderly). It also causes almost ____ ,000 people to end up in a hospital bed ____ .

Scientists develop a preventive flu shot for people ____ take as winter begins. This shot is not ____ to prevent flu; scientists can only guess at ____ virus might be the most dangerous in the ____ season. The shot protects against only that particular ____ . For those who do not get the shot, ____ spreads among them easily. It takes only a ____ , a cough, or a touch. Victims frequently get ____ from shaking hands, opening doors, or handling money.

____ infected people will have a fever, sore throat, cough. But the symptoms are often mild and ____ for only a week. For many others, however, ____ can be so severe and prolonged that victims ____ up in bed for weeks, or in the ____ , or in the cemetery.

*Translate into Vietnamese:

.............

447228 top -

ESL 304: Avoid the Flu

*Vocabulary:


• annually: hàng năm
• avoid: tránh
• cause: gây ra
• cemetery: nghĩa trang
• elderly: lớn
• fever: sốt
• flu: cảm cúm
• frequently: thường xuyên
• guarantee: bảo đảm
• impact: tác động, va chạm
• infect: lây nhiễm
• influenza: cúm
• mild: nhẹ
• mucous: nhầy
• occur: xảy ra
• particular: đặc biệt
• prevent: ngăn chặn
• preventive: phòng ngừa
• prolong: kéo dài
• protect: bảo vệ
• severe: nghiêm trọng
• shot: mũi tiêm
• sneeze: sổ mũi, hỉ mũi
• sore: đau
• symptom: triệu chứng
• throat: cổ họng
• victim: nạn nhân
• virus: vi rút

===========================================================

*Yes/No-Questions:

1. Does flu season occur annually in all countries? No

2. Does the influenza virus have its greatest impact during the winter? Yes

3. Are people indoors and close together during the winter? Yes

4. Can indoor air dry up the virus? No

5. Does the virus kill about 360,000 people in the U.S. annually? No

6. Does the virus kill mostly elderly people? Yes

7. Is the preventive flu shot guaranteed to prevent the flu? No

8. Does influenza spread easily among those who do not get the shot? Yes

9. Do victims frequently get ill from shaking hands? Yes

10. Do the symptoms often last for a month? No

==========================================================

*Fill in blanks:

Flu season occurs annually in countries that have __cold__ weather in the winter. Although the influenza virus __is__ alive throughout the world in all four seasons, _it___ seems to have its greatest impact on humans ____during__ the winter. Scientists are not sure why. They ____think__ it’s because in the winter people are indoors __and__ close together for longer periods of time. Also, __the__ virus might be able to live longer and __be__ stronger in colder weather. Finally, indoor air can __dry__ up the mucous that helps protect people from __the__ virus.

In the U.S., the virus is not ____something__ to sneeze at. It kills about 36,000 people ____annually__ (most of them elderly). It also causes almost __250__ ,000 people to end up in a hospital bed ____annually__ .

Scientists develop a preventive flu shot for people __to__ take as winter begins. This shot is not ____guaranteed__ to prevent flu; scientists can only guess at _which___ virus might be the most dangerous in the ____upcoming__ season. The shot protects against only that particular _virus___ . For those who do not get the shot, ____influenza__ spreads among them easily. It takes only a ____sneeze__ , a cough, or a touch. Victims frequently get __ill__ from shaking hands, opening doors, or handling money.

__Most__ infected people will have a fever, sore throat, cough. But the symptoms are often mild and __last__ for only a week. For many others, however, ____symptoms__ can be so severe and prolonged that victims __end__ up in bed for weeks, or in the ____hosspital__ , or in the cemetery.

=========================================================

*Translate into Vietnamese:

Tránh cảm cúm

Mùa cảm cúm xảy ra hàng năm trong các nước có khí hậu lạnh trong mùa đông. Dù vi rút cảm cúm sống trên khắp thế giới cả bốn mùa, dường như nó tác động lớn nhất đến con người trong mùa đông. Các nhà khoa học không biết tại sao. Họ nghĩ vì mùa đông con người trong nhà và gần nhau thời gian dài hơn. Cũng vậy, vi rút có thể sống lâu hơn và mạnh hơn trong mùa lạnh. Cuối cùng, không khí trong phòng có thể làm khô chất nhầy giúp bảo vệ con người khỏi vi rút.

Ở Mỹ, vi rút không phải là thứ chỉ hắt hơi. Nó giết 36,000 người hàng năm (hầu hết thường là người lớn). Nó cũng là nguyên nhân làm 250,000 người nằm viện hàng năm.

Các nhà khoa học phát minh ra thuốc tiêm ngừa cảm cúm để mọi người chích khi bắt đầu mùa đông. Chích ngừa không đảm bảo ngừa được cảm cúm; các nhà khoa học chỉ đoán vi rút nào có thể nguy hiểm nhất trong mùa tới. Mũi chích giúp bảo vệ chống lại chỉ loại vi rút đó. Với những người không chích, cúm lây giữa họ một cách dễ dàng. Nó chỉ gây hắt hơi, ho, hay chỉ cảm. Nạn nhân thường bị bệnh khi bắt tay, mở cửa, hay cầm tiền.

Hầu hết những người nhiễm bệnh bị sốt, đau cổ, và ho. Nhưng những triệu chứng trên là nhẹ và chỉ kéo dài một tuần. Với nhiều người khác, dù sao, các triệu chứng có thể nghiêm trọng và kéo dài đến nổi nạn nhân cuối cùng phải nằm trên giường nhiều tuần, hay nằm viện, hay ra nghĩa trang.

Hình như bài tương tự như vầy cũng đã có đăng trong ESL rồi, không nhớ bài số mấy

447378 top -





. 1.New To America
. 2.A Haircut
. 3.The Yardman
. 4.Grab Your Umbrellas
. 5.Shopping for Bargains
. 6.Horses to Ride
. 7.A Shower Injury
. 8.Pete's Sharp Knife
. 9.A Good Sandwich
. 10.Sara's Upset Stomach
. 11.Please Marry Me!
. 12.Laundry Day
. 13.A Noisy Neighbor
. 14.The New Realtor
. 15.The Fire Alarm
. 16.Eddie's Short Visit
. 17.Carbon Monoxide
. 18.A Visit to Asia
. 19.School Boys
. 20.The Loose Button
. 21.The Pile of Paper
. 22.Brushing and Flossing
. 23.Raising the Kids
. 24.A Clean Toilet Bowl
. 25.A Love Letter
. 26.A Bird Attacks
. 27.A Daytime Robbery
. 28.Trick or Treat
. 29.The Motorcycle Rider
. 30.Spock Saves His Dad
. 31.Provider Overbills Customer
. 32.The Breakup
. 33.Famous Model Dies
. 34.Shopping Carts Everywhere
. 35.Four Slit Throats
. 36.Does Garlic Mean Garlic?
. 37.A Jealous Girlfriend
. 38.Towns Hit by Snowstorms
. 39.Another Jealous Girlfriend
. 40.She Loves Her Son
. 41.The Doctor’s Exam
. 42.Hospitals Can Make You Sick
. 43.English Is So Hard
. 44.Hollywood Stars and Tourists
. 45.GEICO’s TV Lizard
. 46.Law and Order in LA
. 47.Destruction of Iraq
. 48.Have You Seen This Man?
. 49.LA Traffic Report
. 50.LA Radio News


. 51.Trash Truck Misses Pick-up
. 52.Her First Driving Accident
. 53.You’re Not a Good Principal
. 54.I’ve Got You Covered
. 55.Paris Goes to Jail in LA
. 56.A Year with No TV
. 57.Let’s Buy Some Paint
. 58.I Need Water for My Clients
. 59.Putting Bunny to Sleep
. 60.Where Is That Darn Battery?
. 61.If You Really Love Me…
. 62.The Wedding Gift (1)
. 63.The Wedding Gift (2)
. 64.Does a Tiger Change Its Stripes?
. 65.No Place Like an Open House
. 66."We Could Have All Died!"
. 67.It’s the Thought that Counts
. 68.Who Ordered the Scallops?
. 69.You’re Not My Daddy
. 70.Let He Who Is Without Sin…
. 71.Shopping at the 99 Cents Store
. 72.Betting Big in Vegas
. 73.Priced to Sell!
. 74.The Handyman Comes
. 75.A Woman Has Needs
. 76.A Hot Day and a Cool Pool
. 77.Up, Up, and Away
. 78.Man's Best Friend
. 79.Six Feet Under
. 80.An Unhappy Worker
. 81.Why the Sky Is Brown
. 82.It’s a Small World
. 83.Suspicious Shoppers
. 84.Death Is Part of Life
. 85.Tagger Shoots Woman
. 86.Crime on the Rise
. 87.Too Soft on Crime
. 88.Pluto Chases Kid
. 89.In Harm’s Way
. 90."Semper Buy"
. 91.A Little Respect, Please
. 92.A Dream from Beyond-1
. 93.A Dream from Beyond-2
. 94.A Trip to Egypt
. 95.No Doughnuts for Old Folks
. 96.It’s Just Business
. 97.A Walk in the Wild
. 98.Elvis Is Alive and Well
. 99.Bad Weed, Bad Call
. 100.Shark Attack


. 101.Love in the Hospital
. 102.Interstate Bridge Collapses
. 103.Stop Selling Those Bunnies
. 104.Actor Tries to Kill Himself
. 105.US Senator Says He’s not Gay
. 106.E.Coli Is Everywhere
. 107.Influenza
. 108.The Hospital Orderly-1
. 109.The Hospital Orderly-2
. 110.Flower Power
. 111.Dog Inherits Millions
. 112.Man Holds Staff Hostage
. 113.Young Boy Defends Sister
. 114.Remember Me?
. 115.The Way to a Man’s Heart
. 116.Sail Around the World
. 117.New Dog-Barking Law
. 118.Man Flies in Lawn Chair-1
. 119.Man Flies in Lawn Chair-2
. 120.Cleaning a Dirty Plate
. 121.Her Driving Lesson
. 122.Hurricane Dean
. 123.Adventurer Disappears
. 124.Nursing Student Disappears
. 125.The Lovely Banana
. 126.Smells like Chicken
. 127.The Wedding-1
. 128.The Wedding-2
. 129.The Waiter
. 130.Your Country Thanks You
. 131.D.B.Cooper Lives On-1
. 132.D.B.Cooper Lives On-2
. 133.I’m No Alcoholic!
. 134.48 Homes Burn Down-1
. 135.48 Homes Burn Down-2
. 136.Drought Attacks Georgia
. 137.A Bad MRI Experience
. 138.Body in a Barrel-1
. 139.Body in a Barrel-2
. 140.Red Meat, Gray Water
. 141.All Bite, No Bark
. 142.Tiger Kills Two Men-1
. 143.Tiger Kills Two Men-2
. 144.Red Flowers Make Her See Red
. 145.The Starbucks Robbery
. 146.The Argument-1
. 147.The Argument-2
. 148.The Toilet Tank-1
. 149.The Toilet Tank-2
. 150.Santa Was Molested




. 151.Fire Kills Two Young Girls
. 152.Police Arrest Fire-Starters
. 153.Get out of "Jail"-1
. 154.Get out of "Jail"-2
. 155.New Year Celebrations
. 156.$50K to Waitress-1
. 157.$50K to Waitress-2
. 158.Who Needs School?
. 159.Black Friday
. 160.JFK Assassination
. 161.Don’t Top Off the Tanks
. 162.The Clapper
. 163.Tuberculosis Still Kills
. 164.Old Dogs Become Young Again
. 165.Ham and Eggplant
. 166.A Hole in Her Ear-1
. 167.A Hole in Her Ear-2
. 168.The Drugs Keep Coming
. 169.Missing Husband-1
. 170.Missing Husband-2
. 171.Don’t Get Mad-Get Even
. 172.The Christmas Gift-1
. 173.The Christmas Gift-2
. 174.The Haircut-1
. 175.The Haircut-2
. 176.The Robbery at the Mall-1
. 177.The Robbery at the Mall-2
. 178.The Driving Lesson-1
. 179.The Driving Lesson-2
. 180.The Move to Georgia-1
. 181.The Move to Georgia-2
. 182.I’ll Get a Job in a Restaurant
. 183.A Cleaner River-1
. 184.A Cleaner River-2
. 185.The Spitter
. 186.Kill Those Flies-1
. 187.Kill Those Flies-2
. 188.The Oil Change-1
. 189.The Oil Change-2
. 190.Boy Starts Huge Fire
. 191.Writers Go on Strike
. 192.Please Don’t Hurt Me!
. 193.It’s Just a Little White Lie
. 194.Jury Service in California
. 195.The Rude Golfer-1
. 196.The Rude Golfer-2
. 197.Man Invents Toilet for Cars
. 198.Monkeys Cause Man’s Death
. 199.The Light Eater-1
. 200.The Light Eater-2


. 201.Sara Went Shopping
. 202.Man Injured at Fast Food Place
. 203.A Life-Saving Cow
. 204.Driver Loses Mabel, Finds Jail
. 205.Jerry Decided To Buy a Gun
. 206.Freeway Chase
. 207.Better To Be Unlucky
. 208.Food Fight Erupted in Prison
. 209.How His Pig is Doing
. 210.Goats Being Hired
. 211.A Missing Cat
. 212.Book Him
. 213.Water Under the Sink-1
. 214.Water Under the Sink-2
. 215.Theft Occurs Everywhere
. 216.Eggs and a Bunny
. 217.Goodbye to Clean Couple
. 218.$100 Deposit
. 219.Books Don’t Grow on Trees
. 220.A Murder-Suicide
. 221.New Store and Its Owners
. 222.Hit-and-Run Charge
. 223.Gasoline Prices Hit Record High
. 224.A Festival of Books
. 225.Crazy Housing Prices
. 226.Happy and Unhappy Renters
. 227.Pulling Out Nine Tons of Trash
. 228.Cloning Pets
. 229.Rentals at the Oceanside
. 230.Trees Are a Threat
. 231.Gets Booked, Writes a Book
. 232.Popular Park Reopens
. 233.Swim Classes Begin Soon
. 234.Not Sitting Around
. 235.Get Millions for Homeless
. 236.Tenants Watch Building Burn
. 237.Bathtub Blues
. 238.Blood Drive at Civic Center
. 239.City Hosts 42nd Art Fair
. 240.City and Crime
. 241.Bank Robbery
. 242.Immigration Goes Online
. 243.Jimmy Fixes His Door
. 244.Needs a New Air-Conditioner
. 245.Man Gets 12 Years for Fraud
. 246.Man Shoots Up Post Office
. 247.Murals Are Over 200 Years Old
. 248.Pier Collapses
. 249.Cameras in Police Cars
. 250.A School Girl Sues Her School


. 251.SUV Driver Sends Officer Flying
. 252.Boy Drowns in Neighbor's Pool
. 253.Woman Dies in House Fire
. 254.Plane Crashes into House
. 255.Fishing for Girls
. 256.Shot Next to Christmas Tree
. 257.Stabbed Outside Nightclub
. 258.Fishing Boat Sinks
. 259.The Mysterious Carport Stain
. 260.Lies About Winning Lottery
. 261.Victory Dance Leads to Death
. 262.Eat Your Vegetables
. 263.Honk if You're in a Hurry
. 264.The Man Who Loved Women
. 265.How to Get out of Jury Duty
. 266.The Way to a Man’s Heart
. 267.Female Seeks Mature Male
. 268.Let’s Go Fishing
. 269.Train Wreck “Frees” Cows
. 270.Valuable Guitar Found
. 271.Stepmother Kills Herself
. 272.Beautiful Teacher Smiles
. 273.Are Criminals Taking Over LA?
. 274.Police Arrest Happy Van Driver
. 275.Say Your Prayers
. 276.The Final Phone Call
. 277.Almost Perfect Children
. 278.There Goes the Neighborhood!
. 279.Let’s Go to Vegas!
. 280.Squirrel Attacks Woman
. 281.To Save His Baby
. 282.English Is Confusing
. 283.Pump Up the Tires
. 284.Don’t Go Swimming
. 285.The Park That Went to the Dogs
. 286.Can You Spare a Carburetor?
. 287.Golf Like a Girl
. 288.Take Me Out to the Ball Game
. 289.Take This Job and Shove It
. 290.Where Did That Book Go?
. 291.When You’ve Got Your Health
. 292.That ‘New Car’ Smell
. 293.Inviting Poor Student to Dinner
. 294.When I'm in the Bathroom
. 295.It Was an Old, Worthless Clock
. 296.Five-Finger Discount on Candy
. 297.Collecting Seashells
. 298.At the Store Entrance
. 299.We Will See the World
. 300.Get Me a Caffe Latte




. 301.The Slow Computer-1
. 302.The Slow Computer-2
. 303.The Careful Reader
. 304.Avoid the Flu
. 305.Magician Attracts Women
. 306.US Border Patrol
. 307.Car Shopping in California
. 308.Happy Anniversary
. 309.“Read All about It!”
. 310.A Factory Worker
. 311.Bad Pork
. 312.Don’t Eat the Meat
. 313.Copper Robbers
. 314.Weekly Driving Lessons-1
. 315.Weekly Driving Lessons-2
. 316.Laundry Day-1
. 317.Laundry Day-2
. 318.The Bargain CD Set-1
. 319.The Bargain CD Set-2
. 320.It’s All Over
. 321.The New Clothes-1
. 322.The New Clothes-2
. 323.Food as Punishment
. 324.US Passports Outsourced
. 325.The Demanding Son
. 326.A Practical Joke
. 327.The Dead Pedestrian
. 328.Bad News, Good News
. 329.The Cluster Balloonist
. 330.The Rude Clerk
. 331.The Tax Charge
. 332.The Fire in the Hills-1
. 333.The Fire in the Hills-2
. 334.The Vacuum Cleaner Filter-1
. 335.The Vacuum Cleaner Filter-2
. 336.The Rental Car-1
. 337.The Rental Car-2
. 338.The Marathon Cheater
. 339.School Bus Crashes
. 340.Don’t Take My Property
. 341.New Law for Taco Trucks
. 342.The Refund-1
. 343.The Refund-2
. 344.Shut Your Mouth
. 345.TSA’s New Policy-1
. 346.TSA’s New Policy-2
. 347.I’m Pregnant
. 348.Court Approves Same-Sex Marriage
. 349.Impolite to His Brother
. 350.Protecting the Public
. 351.Malibu to License Paparazzi
. 352.I'm Moving to NY
. 353.The Heart Attack-1
. 354.The Heart Attack-2
. 355.Let's Speak English

THE END






Update: October 16th, 2016.
PayPal về email:
thuquy.vietditru@gmail.com


Chi phiếu gửi về:
Jimmy Ton
4369 46 St.
San Diego, CA 92115



Việt Nam chuyển tới:
Phạm Thị Tuyết Phượng
Số tài khoản: 4973099
ACB Châu Văn Liêm, TPHCM



Ý kiến về Quỹ VietDitru

*Lãnh Sự Quán bước đầu trở lại xử lý Hồ sơ Thị thực Định cư, bắt đầu từ Thứ Hai ngày 29/6/2020. Xem thông tin chi tiết

Image
Image




ESL đăng ký: Bạn không cần phải đăng ký gì cả. Chỉ việc nhẩy vào bài ESL 1 học và làm bài tập. Tiếp tục những bài kế tiếp càng nhanh càng tốt. Mình sẽ 888 và thỉnh thoảng cùng nhau nhắc nhở cho vui hén. Chứ thật ra việc học là việc của tự bản thân mình. Mình giỏi thì mình được nhờ hén.

Nickname           # bài
-----------------------------------------
Anthonydavetruong 51
BaoLaTinhChua 1
Bluecloud 1
bongbong 3
Brianthao08 2
Brenda 8
Cachua 4
Catandpuppy 2
Chaubaoct 11
Chauongco 2

Coua 3
Crystal 4
Cuomxiu 1
cương71 2
cycydang 1
Dangcoi100 1
David85 3
Diemhanh 5
Dinhdung 1
Dinhphan 9

doanchin 72
Evangeline 2
giadinhnho 2
Granger 6
hangtesa 3
HelenLe 4
HenryWu 12
Hientohoang 7
Hoa1971 22
Hoahai 1

HoangThiQuynhNhu 298
HongAckerman 1
Hongbambi 43
Hotheart 11
huanhatran 11
jacky9999 54
Jonny 8
Kellyninhhoa 1
Kingsmen 1
Kimnguyen10288 1

lanhuongbm 355
letuyetnghi 5
Lucbinh 1
Llphi777 2
Maluita659 1
Mangthit 2
matmuathu 1
MeoMuop 1
Miah 2
Mikun 4

Minhthoaidan 2
Minhloan 3
Minion 1
mnsun 5
moka 1
Myphuong12317 4
Myvan 2
Mujor 1
nbthuan1980 1

newsky272 1
Ngoclucbao 2
Ngocminh60 4
Ngotuananh1908 93
Nguyenthoa 1
Nguyetbang 2
Nguyenthimylinh 4
nhungcongangungoc 115
Ninian 54
Oanhnt 12

Petervu007 5
phamtrang24388 3
Pholau7 3
Phuong60 10
Phuonghang 7
Quangchien65 35
syncreation 33
Thanhtrihuynh 146
Thao077 1
Tinatinh 8

Tieuphong 1
Truongthinhutruc1966 4
Tomry 6
Thuyhangthinguyen 1
Thienphuong1010 10
tuanpc 43
Tungsu 7
tuongvi1303 1
Vuonglan 1
Vuthanh1957 28

Vuthitue 2
Vha08 2
wildcat 7
Yam 1
Ylytrang 26

-------------------------
. Tổng cộng 95 học viên


Update: July 23rd, 2019.